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E.4. Release 11.2

Release date: 2019-02-14

This release contains a variety of fixes from 11.1. For information about new features in major release 11, see Section E.6, « Release 11 ».

E.4.1. Migration to Version 11.2

A dump/restore is not required for those running 11.X.

However, if you are upgrading from a version earlier than 11.1, see Section E.5, « Release 11.1 ».

E.4.2. Changes

  • By default, panic instead of retrying after fsync() failure, to avoid possible data corruption (Craig Ringer, Thomas Munro)

    Some popular operating systems discard kernel data buffers when unable to write them out, reporting this as fsync() failure. If we reissue the fsync() request it will succeed, but in fact the data has been lost, so continuing risks database corruption. By raising a panic condition instead, we can replay from WAL, which may contain the only remaining copy of the data in such a situation. While this is surely ugly and inefficient, there are few alternatives, and fortunately the case happens very rarely.

    A new server parameter data_sync_retry has been added to control this; if you are certain that your kernel does not discard dirty data buffers in such scenarios, you can set data_sync_retry to on to restore the old behavior.

  • Include each major release branch's release notes in the documentation for only that branch, rather than that branch and all later ones (Tom Lane)

    The duplication induced by the previous policy was getting out of hand. Our plan is to provide a full archive of release notes on the project's web site, but not duplicate it within each release.

  • Fix handling of unique indexes with INCLUDE columns on partitioned tables (Álvaro Herrera)

    The uniqueness condition was not checked properly in such cases.

  • Ensure that NOT NULL constraints of a partitioned table are honored within its partitions (Álvaro Herrera, Amit Langote)

  • Update catalog state correctly for partition table constraints when detaching their partition (Amit Langote, Álvaro Herrera)

    Previously, the pg_constraint.conislocal field for such a constraint might improperly be left as false, rendering it undroppable. A dump/restore or pg_upgrade would cure the problem, but if necessary, the catalog field can be adjusted manually.

  • Create or delete foreign key enforcement triggers correctly when attaching or detaching a partition in a partitioned table that has a foreign-key constraint (Amit Langote, Álvaro Herrera)

  • Avoid useless creation of duplicate foreign key constraints in partitioned tables (Álvaro Herrera)

  • When an index is created on a partitioned table using ONLY, and there are no partitions yet, mark it valid immediately (Álvaro Herrera)

    Otherwise there is no way to make it become valid.

  • Use a safe table lock level when detaching a partition (Álvaro Herrera)

    The previous locking level was too weak and might allow concurrent DDL on the table, with bad results.

  • Fix problems with applying ON COMMIT DROP and ON COMMIT DELETE ROWS to partitioned tables and tables with inheritance children (Michael Paquier)

  • Disallow COPY FREEZE on partitioned tables (David Rowley)

    This should eventually be made to work, but it may require a patch that's too complicated to risk back-patching.

  • Fix possible index corruption when the indexed column has a « fast default » (that is, it was added by ALTER TABLE ADD COLUMN with a constant non-NULL default value specified, after the table already contained some rows) (Andres Freund)

  • Correctly adjust « fast default » values during ALTER TABLE ... ALTER COLUMN TYPE (Andrew Dunstan)

  • Avoid possible deadlock when acquiring multiple buffer locks (Nishant Fnu)

  • Avoid deadlock between GIN vacuuming and concurrent index insertions (Alexander Korotkov, Andrey Borodin, Peter Geoghegan)

    This change partially reverts a performance improvement, introduced in version 10.0, that attempted to reduce the number of index pages locked during deletion of a GIN posting tree page. That's now been found to lead to deadlocks, so we've removed it pending closer analysis.

  • Avoid deadlock between hot-standby queries and replay of GIN index page deletion (Alexander Korotkov)

  • Fix possible crashes in logical replication when index expressions or predicates are in use (Peter Eisentraut)

  • Avoid useless and expensive logical decoding of TOAST data during a table rewrite (Tomas Vondra)

  • Fix logic for stopping a subset of WAL senders when synchronous replication is enabled (Paul Guo, Michael Paquier)

  • Avoid possibly writing an incorrect replica identity field in a tuple deletion WAL record (Stas Kelvich)

  • Prevent incorrect use of WAL-skipping optimization during COPY to a view or foreign table (Amit Langote, Michael Paquier)

  • Make the archiver prioritize WAL history files over WAL data files while choosing which file to archive next (David Steele)

  • Fix possible crash in UPDATE with a multiple SET clause using a sub-SELECT as source (Tom Lane)

  • Fix crash when zero rows are fed to json[b]_populate_recordset() or json[b]_to_recordset() (Tom Lane)

  • Avoid crash if libxml2 returns a null error message (Sergio Conde Gómez)

  • Fix incorrect JIT tuple deforming code for tables with many columns (more than approximately 800) (Andres Freund)

  • Fix performance and memory leakage issues in hash-based grouping (Andres Freund)

  • Fix spurious grouping-related parser errors caused by inconsistent handling of collation assignment (Andrew Gierth)

    In some cases, expressions that should be considered to match were not seen as matching, if they included operations on collatable data types.

  • Fix parsing of collation-sensitive expressions in the arguments of a CALL statement (Peter Eisentraut)

  • Ensure proper cleanup after detecting an error in the argument list of a CALL statement (Tom Lane)

  • Check whether the comparison function underlying LEAST() or GREATEST() is leakproof, rather than just assuming it is (Tom Lane)

    Actual information leaks from btree comparison functions are typically hard to provoke, but in principle they could happen.

  • Fix incorrect planning of queries involving nested loops both above and below a Gather plan node (Tom Lane)

    If both levels of nestloop needed to pass the same variable into their right-hand sides, an incorrect plan would be generated.

  • Fix incorrect planning of queries in which a lateral reference must be evaluated at a foreign table scan (Tom Lane)

  • Fix planner failure when the first column of a row comparison matches an index column, but later column(s) do not, and the index has included (non-key) columns (Tom Lane)

  • Fix corner-case underestimation of the cost of a merge join (Tom Lane)

    The planner could prefer a merge join when the outer key range is much smaller than the inner key range, even if there are so many duplicate keys on the inner side that this is a poor choice.

  • Avoid O(N^2) planning time growth when a query contains many thousand indexable clauses (Tom Lane)

  • Improve planning speed for large inheritance or partitioning table groups (Amit Langote, Etsuro Fujita)

  • Improve ANALYZE's handling of concurrently-updated rows (Jeff Janes, Tom Lane)

    Previously, rows deleted by an in-progress transaction were omitted from ANALYZE's sample, but this has been found to lead to more inconsistency than including them would do. In effect, the sample now corresponds to an MVCC snapshot as of ANALYZE's start time.

  • Make TRUNCATE ignore inheritance child tables that are temporary tables of other sessions (Amit Langote, Michael Paquier)

    This brings TRUNCATE into line with the behavior of other commands. Previously, such cases usually ended in failure.

  • Fix TRUNCATE to update the statistics counters for the right table (Tom Lane)

    If the truncated table had a TOAST table, that table's counters were reset instead.

  • Process ALTER TABLE ONLY ADD COLUMN IF NOT EXISTS correctly (Greg Stark)

  • Allow UNLISTEN in hot-standby mode (Shay Rojansky)

    This is necessarily a no-op, because LISTEN isn't allowed in hot-standby mode; but allowing the dummy operation simplifies session-state-reset logic in clients.

  • Fix missing role dependencies in some schema and data type permissions lists (Tom Lane)

    In some cases it was possible to drop a role to which permissions had been granted. This caused no immediate problem, but a subsequent dump/reload or upgrade would fail, with symptoms involving attempts to grant privileges to all-numeric role names.

  • Prevent use of a session's temporary schema within a two-phase transaction (Michael Paquier)

    Accessing a temporary table within such a transaction has been forbidden for a long time, but it was still possible to cause problems with other operations on temporary objects.

  • Ensure relation caches are updated properly after adding or removing foreign key constraints (Álvaro Herrera)

    This oversight could result in existing sessions failing to enforce a newly-created constraint, or continuing to enforce a dropped one.

  • Ensure relation caches are updated properly after renaming constraints (Amit Langote)

  • Fix replay of GiST index micro-vacuum operations so that concurrent hot-standby queries do not see inconsistent state (Alexander Korotkov)

  • Prevent empty GIN index pages from being reclaimed too quickly, causing failures of concurrent searches (Andrey Borodin, Alexander Korotkov)

  • Fix edge-case failures in float-to-integer coercions (Andrew Gierth, Tom Lane)

    Values very slightly above the maximum valid integer value might not be rejected, and then would overflow, producing the minimum valid integer instead. Also, values that should round to the minimum or maximum integer value might be incorrectly rejected.

  • Fix parsing of space-separated lists of host names in the ldapserver parameter of LDAP authentication entries in pg_hba.conf (Thomas Munro)

  • When making a PAM authentication request, don't set the PAM_RHOST variable if the connection is via a Unix socket (Thomas Munro)

    Previously that variable would be set to [local], which is at best unhelpful, since it's supposed to be a host name.

  • Disallow setting client_min_messages higher than ERROR (Jonah Harris, Tom Lane)

    Previously, it was possible to set this variable to FATAL or PANIC, which had the effect of suppressing transmission of ordinary error messages to the client. However, that's contrary to guarantees that are given in the PostgreSQL™ wire protocol specification, and it caused some clients to become very confused. In released branches, fix this by silently treating such settings as meaning ERROR instead. Version 12 and later will reject those alternatives altogether.

  • Fix ecpglib to use uselocale() or _configthreadlocale() in preference to setlocale() (Michael Meskes, Tom Lane)

    Since setlocale() is not thread-local, and might not even be thread-safe, the previous coding caused problems in multi-threaded ecpg applications.

  • Fix incorrect results for numeric data passed through an ecpg SQLDA (SQL Descriptor Area) (Daisuke Higuchi)

    Values with leading zeroes were not copied correctly.

  • Fix psql's \g target meta-command to work with COPY TO STDOUT (Daniel Vérité)

    Previously, the target option was ignored, so that the copy data always went to the current query output target.

  • Make psql's LaTeX output formats render special characters properly (Tom Lane)

    Backslash and some other ASCII punctuation characters were not rendered correctly, leading to document syntax errors or wrong characters in the output.

  • Make pgbench's random number generation fully deterministic and platform-independent when --random-seed=N is specified (Fabien Coelho, Tom Lane)

    On any specific platform, the sequence obtained with a particular value of N will probably be different from what it was before this patch.

  • Fix pg_basebackup and pg_verify_checksums to ignore temporary files appropriately (Michael Banck, Michael Paquier)

  • Fix pg_dump's handling of materialized views with indirect dependencies on primary keys (Tom Lane)

    This led to mis-labeling of such views' dump archive entries, causing harmless warnings about « archive items not in correct section order »; less harmlessly, selective-restore options depending on those labels, such as --section, might misbehave.

  • Make pg_dump include ALTER INDEX SET STATISTICS commands (Michael Paquier)

    When the ability to attach statistics targets to index expressions was added, we forgot to teach pg_dump about it, so that such settings were lost in dump/reload.

  • Fix pg_dump's dumping of tables that have OIDs (Peter Eisentraut)

    The WITH OIDS clause was omitted if it needed to be applied to the first table to be dumped.

  • Avoid null-pointer-dereference crash on some platforms when pg_dump or pg_restore tries to report an error (Tom Lane)

  • Prevent false index-corruption reports from contrib/amcheck caused by inline-compressed data (Peter Geoghegan)

  • Properly disregard SIGPIPE errors if COPY FROM PROGRAM stops reading the program's output early (Tom Lane)

    This case isn't actually reachable directly with COPY, but it can happen when using contrib/file_fdw.

  • Fix contrib/hstore to calculate correct hash values for empty hstore values that were created in version 8.4 or before (Andrew Gierth)

    The previous coding did not give the same result as for an empty hstore value created by a newer version, thus potentially causing wrong results in hash joins or hash aggregation. It is advisable to reindex any hash indexes built on hstore columns, if the table might contain data that was originally stored as far back as 8.4 and was never dumped/reloaded since then.

  • Avoid crashes and excessive runtime with large inputs to contrib/intarray's gist__int_ops index support (Andrew Gierth)

  • In configure, look for python3 and then python2 if python isn't found (Peter Eisentraut)

    This allows PL/Python to be configured without explicitly specifying PYTHON on platforms that no longer provide an unversioned python executable.

  • Include JIT-related headers in the installed set of header files (Donald Dong)

  • Support new Makefile variables PG_CFLAGS, PG_CXXFLAGS, and PG_LDFLAGS in pgxs builds (Christoph Berg)

    This simplifies customization of extension build processes.

  • Fix Perl-coded build scripts to not assume « . » is in the search path, since recent Perl versions don't include that (Andrew Dunstan)

  • Fix server command-line option parsing problems on OpenBSD (Tom Lane)

  • Relocate call of set_rel_pathlist_hook so that extensions can use it to supply partial paths for parallel queries (KaiGai Kohei)

    This is not expected to affect existing use-cases.

  • Update time zone data files to tzdata release 2018i for DST law changes in Kazakhstan, Metlakatla, and Sao Tome and Principe. Kazakhstan's Qyzylorda zone is split in two, creating a new zone Asia/Qostanay, as some areas did not change UTC offset. Historical corrections for Hong Kong and numerous Pacific islands.